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Cystic Fibrosis (CF)

Also known as “mucoviscidosis” the main reason for this is secretion of sticky like mucus (viscid) which is unable to lubricate and flow freely in the air way passages and intestines. Cystic Fibrosis is an inherited disease its tendency is chronic lung infection and an inability to absorb fats and other nutrients from food. Despite the wide range of treatments CF remains a serious and potentially fatal disorder, general CF patients are children and adolescents.

Some characteristics changes on Body Composition in Cystic Fibrosis (CF)

Low body Fat
Weight lose
Stunted growth
Delay onset of puberty
High Body density
Limited physical activity and exercise
Lose of Fat Free Mass
Muscle wasting in clinical patients
Low Bone mineral
Change in Body Composition

Monitoring Body Composition

Malnourish, stunted growth, reduce body weight, delayed onset of puberty, and limited capacity of physical and exercise is typical in CF children and adolescents. CF patients tend to store less fat and have higher body density. This group tends to have lower Body bone minerals and bone density which appears to be related to the disease and nutritional status. Further more suffers of CF tend to have higher fracture rates.

Clinicians must assess body composition in this group in order to provide adequate nutritional support so that normal growth can be maintained in children with CF.

The routine use of Maltron Analysers as screening tool could help identify these diseases


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Spicher V. Roulet M, Schaffner C, Schutz V. Bio-Electrical Impedance Analysis for Estimation of Fat-Free Mass and Muscle Mass in Cystic Fibrosis Patients. European Journal of Paediatrics. 1993; 152, N 3: 222-225

Steinkamp G, Ruhl IB, Huller MJ, Schmoll E, von den Hardt H. Increased resting energy expenditure in malnourished patients with cystic fibrosis. Acta Univ Carol [tied] (Praha) 199O;36(1-4):177-9.