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Obesity a condition in which there is too much body fat, being overweight is not the same as being obese. Obesity is classified when weight exceeds over 20% of the desired weight. Obese person especially with upper body or abdominal fat are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases including diabetes.

A high level of body fat has been shown to be associated with type 2 diabetes. Obesity increases ones chance of becoming hypertensive (high blood pressure) and stroke are twice likely to occur in obese people than in lean people. Coronary artery disease is more common, particularly in obese men. Person with abdominal obesity or upper-body obesity tend to deposit excess subcutaneous and visceral fat in the abdominal region and are at risk of developing chronic diseases compared to individuals with lower body fat.

Some characteristics changes on Body Composition during Obesity


Monitoring Body Composition

Monitoring changes in Body Composition is important as obesity not only involves an increase in body fat but also affects other body compartments. Obesity also effects the mineral and protein compartments of the body. In women increase weight has shown to have increase risk of breast cancer, uterus and cervix. Obesity may aggravate Osteoarthritis, and with extra weight on the hips, knees and back places undue strain on these joints.

Body composition is an important indicator which should be assessed regular to help with weight management



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