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Thyroid Diseases

Thyroid Gland is one of the main endocrine glands helping regulate the body’s energy levels. Thyroid tissue is composed of follicular cells and parafollicular cells which secrete hormones thyroxine and triiodothyronine. These hormones play an important role of controlling body metabolism of carbohydrate, protein, fat and minerals. Thyroid diseases effect body composition. Insufficient thyroid hormone also known as hypothyroidism and over activity of the thyroid gland know as thyrotoxicosis.

Some characteristics changes on Body Composition of thyroid diseases patients


Monitoring Body Composition

Body composition of patients with thyroid diseases hyperthyroidism tend to have lower muscle mass, body weight and fat. This group of patients tend to lower Body cell mass as result of lower muscle mass.

Body composition assessment is an important indicator which should be assessed regular in diabetes population.